Did the American and international press report about the Holocaust at the time? If they did, why didn't their reporting make more of an impression on the public consciousness and public policy? Veteran journalist and scholar Marvin Kalb opens the book with a sharpeyed examination of the American press during the Second World War and the professional and ethical failure to cover one of the key stories of the 20th century. The book consists of 30 chapters by scholars of journalism and history who look at what was reported contemporaneously about the Holocaust in the press of more than a dozen countries and languages. The studies examine the press in the Allied nations of America, England and Soviet Russia, as well as in Nazi Germany and in the countries conquered and dominated by the Nazis. Separate chapters look at the press of fascist Italy and the Vatican, as well as Hungary, Romania and Greece. Andrea Grover concludes from her examination of Osservatore romano that, for the readers of the Vatican's official daily, the Holocaust did not happen . One of the last surviving foreign correspondents of the Second World War period, Robert St.John, provides a memoir of how he attempted to report for UPI on the persecution of Jews in Romania during the first years of the war. An unusual illustrated look at German propaganda in Ukrainian is provided by Henry Abramson's chapter on the Nazi-German sponsored press and the political cartoons it carried to influence the barely literate masses. Special attention is also given to analyzing the contemporaneous Jewish press in Yiddish, Hebrew, English, German and French. Colin Shindler's study of the Times of London reveals how the foreign news editor of Britain's leading daily made decisions on what to reveal and what to conceal in its pages of wartime reportage. The clandestinely published underground Jewish and Polish press are used in several chapters to show what the people of occupied Poland knew, believed, hoped and feared, while Jacques Adler examines the legal and clandestine Jewish press in occupied France where hundreds of thousands of Jews went into hiding. The book closes with a mordant chapter by Israeli journalist and historian Tom Segev about the Hebrew press in Mandatory Palestine during the Holocaust years. Jeffrey Shandler and Haskel Lookstein respectively examine how the American public responded to movie newsreels and the American Jewish press that carried the first reports of the liberation of concentration camps in the final months of the Second World War.