The Bible contains commands and narratives that are the foundations of Jewish tradition and Western Civilization. Both the narratives and the law constitute what Jewish tradition calls Torah from heaven, God’s communication to mankind, which reaches its greatest form in God’s revelation of the Torah to Moses at Sinai. What is so important about God’s revelation to Moses at Sinai? How are we to understand what happened there and why does Judaism consider this event essential? This volume takes a fresh look at the idea of Torah from heaven. It includes eleven new essays within the tradition of Orthodox Judaism, which together examine the historical, theological, and philosophical aspects of the giving of the Torah at Sinai.