Moshe Aumann was born in Frankfurt, Germany in 1926. He is the brother of Robert John Aumann, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics.
Aumann experienced the beginnings of Nazism during his childhood, and his family escaped to the US in 1938. After graduating from Yeshiva High School he attended City College where he studied English, journalism and social sciences. He received his degree in 1950.
Inspired by Israel's independence and the war that followed, viewing it as Israel becoming alive again, Aumann made Aliya the year he graduated. His mother and brother joined him a few years later. His first job was at the Jerusalem Post as a proof reader. After only a few weeks, he was hired to be assistant editor at Chronicles: News of the Past . When the editor resigned, he moved into the position. The format of the book was then changed to that of a modern newspaper.
In October 1956, Moshe Aumann was employed by the Foreign Ministry to work in Public Relations. He continued in this position until he became consul in New York in 1961. After returning to Jerusalem for a brief period, Aumann became the consul-general for mid-Atlantic states in Washington. He also held the position of minister-counselor for relations with the churches.
After his time in the United States, Aumann returned to Israel, where he was the Foreign Ministry's chief writer and editor in English until his 1991 retirement.
Moshe's wife Mady passed away in 1979 from cancer, as did his daughter Giti in 2005.